Deviation from target debt ratio, cash flow imbalance and capital structure adjustment

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 MSc. in Financial Management, Faculty of Management and Accounting, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Most of capital structure researches have been conducted on the two dominant theories: trade-off and pecking order. Based on the trade-off theory, every firm has a target capital structure, while pecking order theory assumes that there is no target capital structure and firms follow a specific financing hierarchy. Many empirical evidence shows that such theories, which have been largely evaluated in isolation from one another, should be viewed as complements. This research aims to study a capital structure adjustment framework in which basic intuition of both pecking order and trade-off theories have been considered and also effect of external financing needs examined in capital structure decisions. Our sample consists of 155 companies listed in Tehran Stock Exchange for the period from 1384 to 1393. Using panel data analysis and mixed effect method, we find that most adjustments occur when firms have above-target (below-target) debt with financial surplus (deficit). Moreover, firms with above-target debt use more amount of their financial surplus to pay off debt compared to ones with below-target debt.


Main Subjects

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